Thessalonique on Google

Thessaloniki is Greece's second major economic, industrial, commercial and political centre, and a major transportation hub for the rest of southeastern Europe; its commercial port is also of great importance for Greece and the southeastern European hinterland. The city is renowned for its festivals, events and vibrant cultural life in general, and is considered to be Greece's cultural capital. Events such as the Thessaloniki International Trade Fair and the Thessaloniki International Film Festival are held annually, while the city also hosts the largest bi-annual meeting of the Greek diaspora. In 2014 Thessaloniki will be the European Youth Capital.
The city was founded around 315 BC by the King Cassander of Macedon, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma and 26 other local villages. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great and princess of Macedon as daughter of Philip II. Under the kingdom of Macedon the city retained its own autonomy and parliament and evolved to become the most important city in Macedon.

After the fall of the kingdom of Macedon in 168 BC, Thessalonica became a free city of the Roman Republic under Mark Antony in 41 BC. It grew to be an important trade-hub located on the Via Egnatia, the road connecting Dyrrhachium with Byzantium, which facilitated trade between Thessaloniki and great centers of commerce such as Rome and Byzantium. Thessaloniki also lay at the southern end of the main north-south route through the Balkans along the valleys of the Morava and Axios river valleys, thereby linking the Balkans with the rest of Greece. The city later became the capital of one of the four Roman districts of Macedonia. Later it became the capital of all the Greek provinces of the Roman Empire due to the city's importance in the Balkan peninsula. When the Roman Empire was divided into the tetrarchy, Thessaloniki became the administrative capital of one of the four portions of the Empire under Galerius Maximianus Caesar,[28][29] where Galerius commissioned an imperial palace, a new hippodrome,
a triumphal arch and a mausoleum among others.
From the first years of the Byzantine Empire, Thessaloniki was considered the second city in the Empire after Constantinople, both in terms of wealth and size. The city held this status until it was transferred to Venice in 1423. In the 14th century the city's population exceeded 100,000, making it larger than London at the time.

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Central Macedonia Thessaloniki regional unit

-Archaeological Museums:

Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki
Museum of Ancient Greek, Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Instruments
Museum of Plaster Casts (Thessaloniki)
Prehistoric Antiquities Museum of Thessaloniki

-Byzantine, Ecclesiastic:

Crypt of Agios Demetrios
Museum of Ancient Greek, Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Instruments (see Archaeological museums)
Museum of Byzantine Culture
White Tower of Thessaloniki

-Biographical, City, Diachronic, Ethnic, Ethnographic, History, Historic House, Natural History:

Atatürk Museum (Thessaloniki)
Folk Art and Ethnological Museum of Macedonia and Thrace (see Folk Art)
Goulandris Natural History Museum of Thessaloniki
Historical Museum of the Balkan Wars
Jewish Museum of Thessaloniki
Museum of the Macedonian Struggle
Natural History Museum (Thessaloniki)

-Folklore, Folk art:

Folk Art and Ethnological Museum of Macedonia and Thrace

-Art museums and galleries, Music, Theater, Culture, Popular Art:

Art Gallery of the Society of Macedonian Studies
Cinema Museum of Thessaloniki
Design Museum of Thessaloniki
Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art
Music Museum of Macedonia
Museum of the Cultural Foundation of the Greek Diaspora
Museum of the Macedonian Art Society
National Bank Museum of the Cultural Center of Northern Greece
Museum of Photography Thessaloniki

-Industry, Maritime, Military, Mill, Railway, Science, Technology:

Railway Museum of Thessaloniki
Science Center and Technology Museum "Noesis"
War Museum of Thessaloniki
Water Supply Museum

-Children, Education, Special Interests, Sports, University:

Museum of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Museum of the National Center of Maps & Cartographic Heritage
Plaster Casts Museum of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Sports Museum of Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki Olympic Museum
The "Technopark" (hands-on area of the Science Center and Technology Museum "Noesis")
The water museum of Thessaloniki












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