Preveza

Preveza on Google

The name Preveza is of uncertain etymology. There are three versions about the origin of word Πρέβεζα:
It might come from the old Slavic word perevoz meaning "crossing, passage" (Diogenes Charitonos and Fyodor Uspeski) or from the old Albanian word prevëzë-za, that means transportation (Petros Fourikis and Konstantinos Amantos), or from the Latin word prevesione, that means sustenance (victuals) (Max Vasmer, Peter Schustall, Johannes Conter).
In antiquity, the area of Preveza was inhabited by the Greek tribe of the Cassopeans, part of larger tribe of the Thesprotians. Their capital city was Cassope (near today's village of Kamarina). Near the site of modern Preveza in 290 BC King Pyrrhus of Epirus founded the town of Berenikea or Berenike, named after his mother-in-law Berenice I of Egypt., Today it is believed that Berenikea lies on the hills of the village of Michalitsi village, following the excavations of Sotirios Dakaris in 1965 (The Leo of Michalitsi, etc.). The Ambracian Gulf near Berenikea was the site of the naval Battle of Actium, on 2 September 31 BC, in which Octavian's (later Augustus) forces defeated those of Mark Antony and Queen Cleopatra of Egypt. Ancient Nicopolis (Νικόπολις, "Victory City") was built nearby by Augustus to commemorate his victory,[8] and today it is believed that at its peak it had a total population of 150,000. In 90 AC, after a law of Emperor Diocletian, arrived in Preveza the philosopher Epictetus and established a school of philosophy. One from his students, Arrian became famous historian and wrote all books of Epictetus.

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