Nafpaktos

Nafpaktos on Google

Nafpaktos is situated on a bay on the West coast of the Gulf of Corinth, 3 km (2 mi) west of the end of the river Mornos. The harbour is accessible only to the smallest boats. It is 9 km (6 mi) East of Antirrio, 18 km (11 mi) northeast of Patras, 35 km (22 mi) East of Missolonghi and 45 km (28 mi) southeast of Agrinio. The Greek National Road 48/E65 (Antirrio - Naupactus - Delphi - Livadeia) passes north of the town.

The 1571 at the Battle of Lepanto, in which the navy of the Ottomans Turks was decisively defeated by a coalition of European Christians, is named for Naupactus under the Italian form of its name.
In Greek legend, Nafpaktos is the place where the Heraclidae built a fleet to invade the Peloponnese.

In historical times it belonged to the Ozolian Locrians; but about 455 BC, in spite of a partial resettlement with Locrians of Opus, it fell to the Athenians, who peopled it with Messenian refugees and made it their chief naval station in western Greece during the Peloponnesian war. Two major battles were fought here. In 404 it was restored to the Locrians, who subsequently lost it to the Achaeans, but recovered't through Epaminondas.

Philip II of Macedon gave Nafpaktos to the Aetolians, who held it till 191 BC, when after an obstinate siege it was surrendered to the Romans. It was still flourishing about 170.

In 551/2, during the reign of Justinian I, the city was destroyed by an earthquake.
The town and its hinterland were hit by an epidemic coming from Italy in 747/8 and almost deserted.

From the late 9th century, probably the 880s, it was capital of the Byzantine thema of Nicopolis. At the same time, its bishopric was elevated to a metropolis. During the 9th–10th centuries, the town was an important harbour for the Byzantine navy and a strategic point for communication with the Byzantine possessions in southern Italy.

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